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The effect of temperature on body size and fecundity in female Drosophila melanogaster: evidence for adaptive plasticity


The effect of temperature on body size and fecundity in female Drosophila melanogaster: evidence for adaptive plasticity



Evolution 51(5): 1529-1535



ISSN/ISBN: 0014-3820

DOI: 10.2307/2411205

The effect of temperature on body size and fecundity in female Drosophila melanogaster was investigated. Female D. melanogaster raised to adulthood at 18[degree]C had a 12 percent increase in dry weight relative to those reared at 25[degree]C. The size change did not affect lifetime fecundity, whatever the adult test temperature. At a given temperature, early fecundity was highest when the rearing and test temperatures were the same, the early fecundity advantage conferred being 25 percent at 18[degree]C and 16 percent at 25[degree]C. Temperature treatments led to a trade-off between early fecundity and longevity. In addition, the temperature-induced and genetic effects were independent of total fecundity, but the phenotypic correlation between early fecundity and longevity was positive within the temperature treatments.

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Accession: 003302910

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