+ Translate
+ Most Popular
The pigeon tick (Argas reflexus): its biology, ecology, and epidemiological aspects
Prevalence of hemoglobin abnormalities in Kebili (Tunisian South)
Lipogranuloma: a preventable complication of dacryocystorhinostomy
Value of basal plasma cortisol assays in the assessment of pituitary-adrenal insufficiency
Bees from the Belgian Congo. The acraensis group of Anthophora
Placing gingival retraction cord
Total serum IgE, allergy skin testing, and the radioallergosorbent test for the diagnosis of allergy in asthmatic children
Acariens plumicoles Analgesoidea parasites des oiseaux du Maroc
Injuries of terminal phalanges of the fingers in children
Biology of flowering and nectar production in pear (Pyrus communis)
Das Reliktvorkommen der Aspisviper (Vipera aspis L.) im Schwarzwald
Hydrological modelling of drained blanket peatland
Pathologic morphology and clinical significance of the anomalous origin of the left circumflex coronary artery from the right coronary artery. General review and autopsy analysis of 30 cases
Cyto genetic analyses of lymphocyte cultures after exposure to calcium cyclamate
Axelrodia riesei, a new characoid fish from Upper Rio Meta in Colombia With remarks concerning the genus Axelrodia and description of a similar, sympatric, Hyphessobrycon-species
Favorable evolution of a case of tuberculosis of pancreas under antibiotic action
RIFM fragrance ingredient safety assessment, Valencene, CAS Registry Number 4630-07-3
Parenteral microemulsions: an overview
Temperate pasture: management for grazing and conservation
Evaluation of a new coprocessed compound based on lactose and maize starch for tablet formulation
Thermal expansion and cracking of three confined water-saturated igneous rocks to 800C
Revision of the genera of the tribe Stigmoderini (Coleoptera: Buprestidae) a discussion of phylogenetic relationships
Anal tuberculosis. Report of a case
Gastric tuberculosis in the past and present
Adaptive responses of the cardiovascular system to prolonged spaceflight conditions: assessment with Holter monitoring

Type and amount of individual dietary fibers on: serum lipid profiles, serum glucose concentration and energy intake in rats

Type and amount of individual dietary fibers on: serum lipid profiles, serum glucose concentration and energy intake in rats

Nutrition Research 18(10): 1743-1756

ISSN/ISBN: 0271-5317

DOI: 10.1016/s0271-5317(98)00142-0

The role of soluble and insoluble dietary fibers on the regulation of: the serum lipid profile, serum glucose concentration and energy intake is currently uncertain. To help resolve this uncertainty, 90 Sprague-Dawley rats were fed a modified AIN-76 semipurified diet to compare the long-term effects of two dosage levels of four individual dietary fibers on serum lipid and glucose levels and on energy consumption. The rats were divided into nine groups and had free access to a fiber-free diet supplemented with: no fiber or 5 and 10% levels of cellulose, lignin, pectin or guar gum for 24 wk. Body weights and energy intake were measured weekly and samples of serum, feces and cecal chyme were analyzed at the conclusion of the experiment. Consumption of the non-fermentable fibers, cellulose and lignin had no significant effect on the serum cholesterol profile or glucose concentration. Consumption of high levels of the fermentable fibers pectin and guar gum reduced: serum cholesterol and glucose concentrations, pH of and diffusivity within the cecal chyme, and energy intake. Although 10% lignin consumption significantly increased total bile acid excretion, lignin did not reduce serum cholesterol. Regression analyses of the data revealed that diffusivity within the cecal chyme and energy consumption (but not bile acid excretion) were significantly associated with reduction in serum cholesterol and serum glucose concentrations.

Please choose payment method:

(PDF emailed within 0-6 h: $19.90)

Accession: 003325279

Download citation: RISBibTeXText

Related references

Effect of magnesium intake and type of dietary protein on the level of serum lipid fractions in rats. Annals of Animal Science 1(2): 113-122, 2001

Studies on lipid intake, serum lipid profiles and serum fatty acid composition in college women who smoke. Korean Journal of Community Nutrition 7(1): 102-110, 2002

Lipid profiles, serum immunoglobulins, dietary intake, and drug use of older rural Iowa women. Journal of the American Dietetic Association 91(6): 679-685, 1991

The relationship between dietary ascorbic acid intake and serum lipid concentration in the aged. Nihon Ronen Igakkai Zasshi. Japanese Journal of Geriatrics 29(12): 908-911, 1992

Fecal bulk, energy intake, and serum cholesterol: regression response of serum cholesterol to apparent digestibility of dry matter and suboptimal energy intake in rats on fiber-fat diet. American Journal of Clinical Nutrition 34(10): 2078-2087, 1981

Different dietary lipid consumption affects the serum lipid profiles, colonic short chain fatty acid composition and the gut health of Sprague Dawley rats. Food Research International 132: 109117, 2020

Effects of dietary carbohydrate and fat on serum leptin levels, and lipid profiles in male rats. FASEB Journal 13(5 Part 2): A887, 1999

The effect of dietary polyunsaturated fats and proteins on serum lipid profiles of nephrectomized rats. FASEB Journal 7(3-4): A869, 1993

Effects of dietary fructose glucose fibers and hypolipidemic drugs on serum and liver lipids in rats. Agricultural and Biological Chemistry 51(3): 671-682, 1987

Metabolic effects of dietary fibers guar gum on plasma glucose serum insulin and serum c peptide in obese healthy subjects. Acta Endocrinologica Suppl 103(257): 41, 1983

Effect of dietary Garcinia cambogia extract on serum lipid profile and serum enzymes in rats fed high-lipid diet. Iranian Journal of Veterinary Research 13(1): 1-7, 2012

The Relationship between Serum Osteocalcin Concentration and Glucose and Lipid Metabolism in Patients with Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus – The Role of Osteocalcin in Energy Metabolism. Annals of Nutrition and Metabolism 66(2-3): 110-116, 2015

The effect of two kinds of dietary fibers on the level of serum lipid and three elements calcium, iron, zinc in rats. Xi'an Yike Daxue Xuebao 16(2): 125-127, 1995

Effects of dietary Angelica keiskei on serum and liver lipid profiles, and body fat accumulations in rats. Journal of Nutritional Science and Vitaminology 53(2): 133-137, 2007

A low dietary intake of cod protein is sufficient to increase growth, improve serum and tissue fatty acid compositions, and lower serum postprandial glucose and fasting non-esterified fatty acid concentrations in obese Zucker fa/fa rats. European Journal of Nutrition 54(7): 1151-1160, 2015