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Vegetable and fruit intake and the risk of lung cancer in women in Barcelona, Spain

Vegetable and fruit intake and the risk of lung cancer in women in Barcelona, Spain

European Journal of Cancer 33(8): 1256-1261

A case-control study on women was carried out in Barcelona, Spain, to investigate the relationship of lung cancer with the intake of vegetables, fruits and some foods of animal origin. The study included 103 cases and 206 controls matched by age and residence. Diet intake was assessed by means of a food frequency questionnaire. A reduction in risk, adjusted for smoking habit, was found for the intake of yellow/orange vegetables (mainly carrots) and tomatoes. The odds ratio (OR) and 95% confidence interval (CI) for the highest versus lowest tertile of intake were 0.37 (0.19-0.74) for yellow/orange vegetables and 0.45 (0.22-0.91) for tomatoes; both had a significant inverse trend. A tendency to a reduction in risk of lung cancer with increased intake was observed for all vegetables, leafy green vegetables, dark green vegetables and cruciferous, but these associations did not reach statistical significance. No association with lung cancer was found for the intake of fruits or foods of animal origin rich in retinol. Similar patterns were observed for women who never smoked and when the analysis was restricted to adenocarcinoma.

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Accession: 003332068

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PMID: 9301452

DOI: 10.1016/s0959-8049(97)00050-6

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