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Yellowing and photosynthetic decline of barley primary leaves in response to atmospheric CO2 enrichment

Yellowing and photosynthetic decline of barley primary leaves in response to atmospheric CO2 enrichment

Physiologia Plantarum 103(2): 193-200, June

The photosynthetic response of barley (Hordeum vulgare L. cv. Brant) primary leaves was studied as a function of chlorosis induced by CO2 enrichment. Leaf yellowing, measured as changes of chlorophyll a and b, was more extensive in controlled environments at elevated (680 +- 17 mul l-1) than at ambient (380 +- 21 mul l-1) CO2. Stomatal conductance of primary leaves was decreased by growth in elevated CO2, between 11 and 18 days after sowing (DAS) when measured at both 380 and 680 mul l-1 CO2. Internal leaf CO2 concentration (Ci) was also lower for elevated- compared to ambient-CO2-grown primary leaves between 11 and 14 DAS. Results suggest that non-stomatal factors were responsible for the decreased photosynthetic rates of elevated- compared to ambient-CO2-grown primary leaves 18 DAS. Various photochemical measurements, including quantum absorptance (alpha), minimal (F0), maximal (Fm), and variable (Fv) chlorophyll fluorescence, as well as the Fv/Fm ratio, were significantly decreased 18 DAS in the elevated- compared to ambient-CO2 treatment. Photochemical (qP) and nonphotochemical (qN) chlorophyll fluorescence quenching coefficients of 18-day-old primary leaves did not differ between CO2 treatments. Photosynthetic electron transport rates of photosystem II were slightly lower for elevated- compared to ambient-CO2-grown primary leaves 18 DAS. Concentrations of alpha-amino N (i.e. free amino acids) in barley primary leaves were increased by CO2 enrichment 10 DAS, but subsequently, alpha-amino N decreased in association with photosynthetic decline. Total acid protease activity was greater in elevated- than in ambient-CO2-grown leaves 18 DAS. The above findings suggest that photoinhibition and premature senescence were factors in the CO2-dependent yellowing of barley primary leaves.

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Accession: 003338334

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DOI: 10.1034/j.1399-3054.1998.1030206.x

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