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YscO of Yersinia pestis is a mobile core component of the Yop secretion system



YscO of Yersinia pestis is a mobile core component of the Yop secretion system



Journal of Bacteriology 180(15): 3882-3890



The Yersinia pestis low-Ca2+ response stimulon is responsible for the temperature- and Ca2+-regulated expression and secretion of plasmid pCD1-encoded antihost proteins (V antigen and Yops). We have previously shown that lcrD, yscC, yscD, yscG, and yscR encode proteins that are essential for high-level expression and secretion of V antigen and Yops at 37 degreesC in the absence of Ca2+. In this study, we characterized yscO of the Yop secretion (ysc) operon that contains yscN through yscU by determining the localization of its gene product and the phenotype of an in-frame deletion. The yscO mutant grew and expressed the same levels of Yops as the parent at 37 degreesC in the presence of Ca2+. In the absence of Ca2+, the mutant grew independently of Ca2+, expressed only basal levels of V antigen and Yops, and failed to secrete these. These defects could be partially complemented by providing yscO in trans in the yscO mutant. Overexpression of YopM and V antigen in the mutant failed to restore the export of either protein, showing that the mutation had a direct effect on secretion. These results indicated that the yscO gene product is required for high-level expression and secretion of V antigen and Yops. YscO was found by immunoblot analysis in the soluble and membrane fractions of bacteria growing at 37 degreesC irrespective of the presence of Ca2+ and in the culture medium in the absence of Ca2+. YscO is the only mobile protein identified so far in the Yersinia species that is required for secretion of V antigen and Yops.

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Accession: 003338942

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PMID: 9683485



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