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A comparison of the developmental and reproductive biology of two soybean pod borers, Etiella spp. in Indonesia






Entomologia Experimentalis et Applicata 97(2): 137-147

A comparison of the developmental and reproductive biology of two soybean pod borers, Etiella spp. in Indonesia

Experiments conducted in West Java, Indonesia investigated the developmental biology and reproductive behavior of two sympatric soybean pod borers, Etiella zinckenella Treitschke and E. hobsoni Butler (Lepidoptera: Pyralidae). It was determined that: (1) significant interspecific differences occurred between the egg, larval, pupal and total egg-to-adult developmental periods of laboratory raised E. zinckenella and E. hobsoni; (2) the pre-pupal and total egg-to-adult development periods of female E. zinckenella were significantly shorter than for males; (3) the longevity of virgin female E. zinckenella was significantly longer than that of virgin males, or virgin male and female E. hobsoni; (4) interspecific differences occurred in the female: male sex-ratios of laboratory raised adults; (5) peak mating for both species occurred on the second night after eclosion; (6) interspecific differences occurred in the temporal distribution of calling and mating behaviors; (7) repeated mating was observed for both species at a very low frequency; (8) interspecific mating did not occur; (9) female E. zinckenella were significantly more fecund than E. hobsoni; (10) the duration in copulo of E. zinckenella was significantly longer than that of E. hobsoni; and (11) wingtraps baited with virgin females caught only conspecific males, and reduced numbers of males were captured in traps simultaneously baited with virgin females of both species. This study demonstrates distinct biological differences and reproductive isolation between the two Etiella spp.

Accession: 003342064

DOI: 10.1046/j.1570-7458.2000.00724.x

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Related references

Naito A.; Harnoto; Iqbal A.; Hattori I., 1986: Notes on the morphology and distribution of etiella hobsoni a new soybean podborer in indonesia with special reference to comparisons with etiella zinckenella lepidoptera pyralidae. Etiella hobsoni (Butler), a new podborer of soybean was found in Indonesia. General appearance of the insect and larval-caused damage to pods are quite similar to those of E. zinckenella (Treitshke). Diagnostic characters in morphology of E. hobso...

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