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A comparison of the driving forces behind deforestation in the Peruvian and the Brazilian Amazon


Ambio 28(6): 509-513
A comparison of the driving forces behind deforestation in the Peruvian and the Brazilian Amazon
Deforestation patterns in Brazil and Peru were studied with respect to 2 major contributing factors. The first factor involved accessibility to the frontier and access to markets; the second factor involved land abundance and land rights and markets. Road access to the frontier is far greater in Brazil than in Peru as the road network links the rest of the country together. Consequently, Brazilian sites are more market oriented and closely tied to outer economic conditions. However, in Brazil, land access is more state controlled and farmers have title to their lands, whereas in Peru, there is plenty of room for expansion, and land access is free. Various Brazilian and Peruvian policies during the past decades have resulted in different landscape patterns and dynamics of deforestation.

Accession: 003342065

DOI: 10.2307/4314942

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