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A comparison of two methods of assessment of maize varietal resistance to the maize weevil, Sitophilus zeamais Motschulsky, and the influence of kernel hardness and size on susceptibility


A comparison of two methods of assessment of maize varietal resistance to the maize weevil, Sitophilus zeamais Motschulsky, and the influence of kernel hardness and size on susceptibility



Journal of stored products research 37(3): 287-302



ISSN/ISBN: 0022-474X

PMID: 11172865

DOI: 10.1016/s0022-474x(00)00031-x

Fifty-two maize varieties were screened for resistance to infestation by the maize weevil, Sitophilus zeamais, using assessment methods proposed by Dobie (J. Stored Products Res. 10 (1974) 183-197) and Urrelo et al. (J. Stored Products Res. 26 (1990) 100). The two methods gave similar assessments of maize susceptibility to S. zeamais. The Dobie method is preferred due to the lower total time required for assessment of relative susceptibility of maize varieties. The greatest disadvantage of the Urrelo method is the intensive labour requirements in the early stages of a trial, when numbers of eggs have to be counted, although it has the advantage that the assessment may be terminated upon emergence of the first F(1) adult. Two explanatory variables, kernel size and hardness, were investigated to determine whether they may be used as indicators of resistance. Results suggested that kernel size is the more important in determining resistance to attack by S. zeamais, with large kernels appearing to show greater resistance than small ones. Contrary to expectations, of the varieties tested, including local, hybrid and improved open pollinated (IOP) varieties, the local varieties were generally more susceptible. This may be related to kernel size, as all IOPs and hybrids tested had large kernels, whereas the majority of the local varieties had small ones. No clear relationship between weevil susceptibility and kernel hardness could be detected, although there was an indication that differences associated with kernel size varied depending on kernel hardness. None of the varieties tested showed high levels of resistance to attack by S. zeamais.

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Accession: 003342145

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