A filarial nematode-secreted phosphorylcholine-containing glycoprotein uncouples the B cell antigen receptor from extracellular signal-regulated kinase-mitogen-activated protein kinase by promoting the surface Ig-mediated recruitment of Src homology 2 domain-containing tyrosine phosphatase-1 and Pac-1 mitogen-activated kinase-phosphatase
Deehan, M.R.; Harnett, W.; Harnett, M.M.
Journal of Immunology 166(12): 7462-7468
ISSN/ISBN: 0022-1767 PMID: 11390499 DOI: 10.4049/jimmunol.166.12.7462
Unraveling the molecular mechanisms by which filarial nematodes, major human pathogens in the tropics, evade the host immune system remains an elusive goal. We have previously shown that excretory-secretory product-62 (ES-62), a homologue of phosphorylcholine-containing molecules that are secreted by human parasites and which is active in rodent models of filarial infection, is able to polyclonally activate certain protein tyrosine kinase and mitogen-activating protein kinase signal transduction elements in B lymphocytes.