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A review of costs of removing phosphorus to control algal blooms in waterways

A review of costs of removing phosphorus to control algal blooms in waterways

Australian Journal of Environmental Management 3(3): 189-201

There is a need to economically control phosphorus inputs into the waterways. Sewage plants can be upgraded and chemical and biological methods of phosphorus removal can be adopted. The chemical methods remove nearly 90% of the phosphorus at reasonable cost, but further removals result in significant increases in the marginal costs. Biological methods have been successful in certain situations. Physical methods of phosphorus removal are too expensive.

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