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A scenario for the hobo transposable element invasion, deduced from the structure of natural populations of Drosophila melanogaster using tandem TPE repeats



A scenario for the hobo transposable element invasion, deduced from the structure of natural populations of Drosophila melanogaster using tandem TPE repeats



Genetical Research 75(1): 13-23



Temporal surveys of hobo transposable elements in natural populations reveal a historical pattern suggesting a recent world-wide invasion of D. melanogaster by these transposons, perhaps following a recent horizontal transfer. To clarify the dynamics of hobo elements in natural populations, and thus to provide further data for our understanding of the hobo invasion, TPE tandem repeats, observed in the polymorphic S region of the element, were used as molecular markers. The number of TPE repeats was studied in 101 current populations from around the world, and in 63 strains collected in the past. This revealed a geographical distribution which seems to have been stable since the beginning of the 1960's. This distribution is compatible with a number of hypotheses for the dynamics of hobo elements. We propose a scenario based on an invasion of two stages: first, a complete invasion by elements with three TPE repeats, followed by the beginning of a new invasion involving hobo elements with five or seven repeats.

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Accession: 003347611

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PMID: 10740917

DOI: 10.1017/s001667239900395x



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