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Analysis of Korean strains of infectious laryngotracheitis virus by nucleotide sequences and restriction fragment length polymorphism



Analysis of Korean strains of infectious laryngotracheitis virus by nucleotide sequences and restriction fragment length polymorphism



Veterinary microbiology 83(4): 321-331



Korean field strains of infectious laryngotracheitis virus (ILTV) were analyzed by comparison of nucleotide sequences of thymidine kinase (TK) and glycoprotein G (gG) genes and polymerase chain reaction-restriction fragment length polymorphism (PCR-RFLP) patterns. Main differences among TK gene sequence were found in both amino acid at 252 and mRNA polyadenylation signals. In virulent strains, amino acid 252 of TK gene was methionine but was threonine in low virulence and vaccine strains. The mRNA polyadenylation signals of TK gene were identified at 24 bp downstream from the stop codon in virulent strains, but no in low virulence and vaccine strains. The gG gene of all virulent strains showed the same nucleotide sequence except for N87278 which had a gG gene sequence identical to that of vaccine strains. The virulent ILTV strains differed from low virulence and vaccine strains in PCR-RFLP patterns of TK and gG genes. The RFLP patterns of TK and gG genes of low virulence ILTV strains were identical to those of vaccine strains. In the case of N87278, the PCR-RFLP patterns of TK and gG genes were identical to those of virulent and vaccine strains of ILTV, respectively. From theses results, ILTV field strains were classified into three groups according to sequences of TK and gG genes and PCR-RFLP, and the virulent ILTV strains could be discriminated from low virulence and vaccine strains by PCR-RFLP of TK gene. And it was suspected that N87278 might be produced by in vivo recombination between virulent and vaccine strains of ILTV.

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Accession: 003358478

Download citation: RISBibTeXText

PMID: 11600266

DOI: 10.1016/s0378-1135(01)00423-0


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