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Changes in hepatic microsomal triglyceride transfer protein and triglyceride in periparturient dairy cattle



Changes in hepatic microsomal triglyceride transfer protein and triglyceride in periparturient dairy cattle



Journal of Dairy Science 83(10): 2252-2260



We determined the relationship between microsomal triglyceride transfer protein (MTP) (activity, mass, and mRNA) and liver triglyceride concentration in 16 dairy cows (13 multiparous and three primiparous) from 27 d before expected calving (d -27) to 35 d postpartum (d 35), the time period when fatty liver is most likely to develop. In addition, dry matter intake, plasma nonesterified fatty acids (NEFA), and plasma glucose were monitored. There were no significant parity x time interactions. Dry matter intake, plasma NEFA, plasma glucose, and liver triglyceride were significantly affected by day of sampling. Dry matter intake was 10.7, 8.0, and 19.5 kg/d on d -27, 2, and 35, respectively. Plasma NEFA concentration was higher on d 2 (1113 microEq/L) compared with d -27 (201 microEq/L) and 35 (358 microEq/L). Plasma glucose concentration was 63.3, 54.3, and 57.8 mg/dl on d -27, 2, and 35, respectively. Hepatic triglyceride (TG) concentration increased from 1.8 to 11.8% liver TG (DM basis) on d -27 and 2, respectively. There was no difference between hepatic triglyceride concentration on d 2 and 35. There was a significant effect of day of sampling on hepatic MTP activity and mRNA. Hepatic MTP activity decreased from 2.08 to 1.79 nmole triolein transferred/ h per mg of microsomal protein on d -27 and 2, respectively, and increased from 1.79 to 2.17 nmole triolein transferred/h per mg of microsomal protein on d 2 and 35, respectively. Hepatic MTP mRNA increased from d -27 to 2 and remained elevated from d 2 to 35. There was no effect of day of sampling on MTP mass. There were no significant correlations between hepatic MTP activity, mass, or mRNA with either liver TG or plasma NEFA on any of the sampling days. The cause of a decrease in hepatic MTP activity and increase in mRNA on d 2 is unknown. However, the lack of correlation between MTP activity, mass, or mRNA with either liver TG or plasma NEFA on d 2 postpartum suggests that MTP probably does not play a role in the etiology of fatty liver that occurs in dairy cows at calving.

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Accession: 003378121

Download citation: RISBibTeXText

PMID: 11049065

DOI: 10.3168/jds.s0022-0302(00)75109-5


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