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Characterization and modulation of a prolactin receptor mRNA isoform in normal and tumoral human breast tissues

Characterization and modulation of a prolactin receptor mRNA isoform in normal and tumoral human breast tissues

International Journal of Cancer 85(6): 771-776

The role of prolactin (PRL) and its specific receptor (R-PRL) in human breast tumorigenesis remains unclear. We have investigated here the presence of extracellular-deleted hPRL-R isoforms in normal human breast, fibrocystic disease, primary breast carcinoma (ductal carcinoma, ductulo-lobular and lobular) and breast cancer cell lines (T47-D and MCF-7). RT-PCR and Southern blot analysis demonstrated the expression of full-length hPRL-R transcript in all samples tested. We also detected a hPRL-R transcript generated by alternative exon 6 splicing. This isoform has a 170 bp deletion in its extracellular sub-domain that induces a frameshift. Thus, the predicted amino-acid sequence should encode a putative soluble protein with the N-terminal sub-domain of the hPRL-R and 10 additional carboxy-terminal residues. This isoform should not bind PRL as previously demonstrated by other experiments. Moreover, the ratio of full-length to deleted form of hPRL-R transcripts differs from normal to tumoral breast tissue. This ratio is higher in tumoral mammary gland than in normal tissue. Our data suggest that the alternative splicing of the hPRL-R gene towards the deleted transcript may be a mechanism to down- or up-regulate the expression of the native transcript of hPRL-R in accordance to the physiological or pathological state of the mammary gland.

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Accession: 003379754

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PMID: 10709093

DOI: 10.1002/(sici)1097-0215(20000315)85:6<771::aid-ijc5>3.0.co;2-y

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