Development of xylose-fermenting yeast Pichia stipitis for ethanol production through adaptation on hardwood hemicellulose acid prehydrolysate

Nigam, J.N.

Journal of Applied Microbiology 90(2): 208-215


ISSN/ISBN: 1364-5072
PMID: 11168723
DOI: 10.1046/j.1365-2672.2001.01234.x
Accession: 003404558

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The objective of this study was to develop a mutant from Pichia stipitis NRRL Y-7124, tolerant of high concentrations of acetic acid and other inhibitory components present in acid hydrolysates, to improve ethanol yield and productivity. The mutant was developed through adaptation in acid hydrolysate supplemented with nutrients and minerals at 30 +/- 0.5 degrees C. When it was tested for its ability to ferment acid hydrolysate, it showed shorter fermentation time, better tolerance to acid and could ferment at lower pH. The ethanol yield (Yp/s) and productivity (Qp) were increased 1.6- and 2.1-fold, respectively. The development of a mutant and its tolerance to acetic acid present in hydrolysates is described. The selected mutant is capable of fermenting both hexoses and pentoses present in hydrolysate at lower pH in comparison with the parent strain. The mutant could play a significant role in reducing environmental pollution by using sugars present in pulp mill effluent and, at the same time, could produce a marketable liquid fuel ethanol.