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Developmental changes of procyanidins in grapes of red Vitis vinifera varieties and their composition in respective wines

Developmental changes of procyanidins in grapes of red Vitis vinifera varieties and their composition in respective wines

American Journal of Enology and Viticulture 51(4): 397-403

Merlot and Cabernet Sauvignon grapes were sampled from a large vineyard in France during the growing season until harvest (22 and 29 September, and 6, 12, 19 and 21 October 1994). The levels of catechins ((+)-catechin, (-)-epicatechin and (-)-epicatechin gallate, procyanidin dimers B1 to B8, and trimer C1) in the seeds and skin were determined. Procyanidin concentrations were found to be higher at veraison, then decreased, and remained relatively constant near harvest time.

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