+ Site Statistics
+ Search Articles
+ Subscribe to Site Feeds
EurekaMag Most Shared ContentMost Shared
EurekaMag PDF Full Text ContentPDF Full Text
+ PDF Full Text
Request PDF Full TextRequest PDF Full Text
+ Follow Us
Follow on FacebookFollow on Facebook
Follow on TwitterFollow on Twitter
Follow on LinkedInFollow on LinkedIn

+ Translate

Dietary vitamin A intakes of preschool-age children in South India

Dietary vitamin A intakes of preschool-age children in South India

Journal of Nutrition 129(11): 2021-2027

The vitamin A intake of children aged 1-3 y (n = 683) was assessed using a quantitative food-frequency questionnaire in a vitamin A intervention study in South India. Trained field workers interviewed mothers about their children's usual consumption of common sources of vitamin A and collected information on portion sizes using standard cups. Mothers were asked to state the number of months in a year during which specific seasonal foods were available. Information about current breast-feeding was also obtained. Vitamin A intakes from nonbreast milk sources were extremely low at all ages. The median intake of total vitamin A, b-carotene and retinol was 121, 100 and 21 retinol equivalents (RE), respectively. Maternal education and socioeconomic status (SES) were positively associated with total vitamin A and retinol intakes. Girls had significantly lower intakes than boys even after adjusting for differences in age, maternal education, SES and breast-feeding status. Breast-feeding was common, but declined to 60% by 24 mo and to 15% by 36 mo. Vitamin A intakes from nonbreast milk sources increased with age only for currently breast-fed children, who tended to be of lower SES. After taking into account the potential contribution of breast milk by using published estimates, nonbreast-fed children met only 60% of the Indian recommended dietary allowance (RDA; 250 RE/d), whereas breast-fed children met [similar] 90% of the RDA during y 2 of life. J. Nutr. 129: 2021-2027, 1S99. Reprinted by permission of the publisher.

(PDF emailed within 1 workday: $29.90)

Accession: 003406370

Download citation: RISBibTeXText

PMID: 10539779

Related references

Dietary intake of vitamin A among preschool children in South India using a quantitative food frequency questionnaire. FASEB Journal 9(3): A444, 1995

Dietary intakes and plasma concentrations of vitamin C, selenium, and carotenoids of a group of preschool children. Nutrition research 26(1): 23-26, 2006

Suboptimal Vitamin B Intakes of Zambian Preschool Children: Evaluation of 24-Hour Dietary Recalls. Food and Nutrition Bulletin: 379572118760373-379572118760373, 2018

Biological Status and Dietary Intakes of Iron, Zinc and Vitamin A among Women and Preschool Children in Rural Burkina Faso. Plos One 11(3): E0146810-E0146810, 2016

Vitamin A supplementation and morbidity among preschool children in south India. American Journal of Clinical Nutrition 61(6): 1295-1303, 1995

Effect of vitamin A supplementation on growth and morbidity among preschool children in south India. FASEB Journal 7(3-4): A512, 1993

Effect of a frequent small dose vitamin a supplement on mortality among preschool children in south india. FASEB Journal 4(4): A1160, 1990

Vitamin A supplementation does not improve growth of preschool children: a randomized, double-blind field trial in south India. Journal of Nutrition 125(2): 202-211, 1995

Dietary intakes of preschool children in la paz el salvador central america. Archivos Latinoamericanos de Nutricion 30(1): 49-57, 1980

Revision of Dietary Reference Intakes for energy in preschool-age children. American Journal of Clinical Nutrition 100(1): 161-167, 2015

Dietary intakes and growth of seventh day adventist preschool children. American Journal of Clinical Nutrition 31(4): 720, 1978

Food intakes by preschool children in Flanders compared with dietary guidelines. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health 5(4): 243-257, 2009

Zinc intake of US preschool children exceeds new dietary reference intakes. American Journal of Clinical Nutrition 78(5): 1011-1017, 2003

Serum lipid profiles and dietary fat intakes of Canadian preschool children. Journal of the Canadian Dietetic Associationer 52(2): 97-101, 1991

Picky eating in preschool children: Associations with dietary fibre intakes and stool hardness. Appetite 100: 263-271, 2016