Inadequacy of low-volume resuscitation with hemoglobin-based oxygen carrier hemoglobin glutamer-200 (bovine) in canine hypovolemia
Driessen, B.; Jahr, J.S.; Lurie, F.; Gunther, R.A.
Journal of Veterinary Pharmacology and Therapeutics 24(1): 61-71
ISSN/ISBN: 0140-7783 PMID: 11348488 DOI: 10.1046/j.1365-2885.2001.00307.x
Stroma-free hemoglobin-based oxygen carriers (HBOC) have been developed to overcome problems associated with transfusion of allogeneic blood. We have studied the efficacy of the first licensed veterinary blood substitute, hemoglobin glutamer-200 bovine (Oxyglobin; Biopure, Cambridge, MA, USA, Hb-200), in a canine model of acute hypovolemia and examined whether clinically commonly used criteria are adequate to guide fluid resuscitation with this product. Twelve anesthetized dogs were instrumented for measurements of physiological variables including hemodynamic, oxygenation, and blood gas and acid-base parameters. Dogs were bled to a mean arterial pressure (MAP) of 50 mmHg for 1 h followed by resuscitation with either shed blood (controls) or Hb-200 until heart rate (HR), MAP and central venous pressure (CVP) returned to baseline. Recordings were repeated immediately and 3 h after termination of fluid resuscitation. Hemorrhage (average 32 mL/kg) caused significant decreases in total hemoglobin (Hb), mean pulmonary arterial pressure (PAP), cardiac output (CO) and oxygen delivery (DO(2)I), increases in HR and systemic vascular resistance (SVRI), and lactic acidosis. In controls, only re-transfusion of all shed blood returned HR, MAP and CVP to prehemorrhage values, whereas in other dogs this endpoint was reached with infusion of 10 mL/kg Hb-200. Unlike blood transfusion, Hb-200 infusion failed to return CI and DO(2)I to baseline and to increase arterial oxygen content (CaO2) and total Hb; SVRI further increased. Thus, commonly used criteria (HR, MAP, CVP) to guide transfusion therapy in patients posthemorrhage prove insufficient when HBOCs with pronounced vasoconstrictive action are used and lead to inadequate volume repletion.