Increase in resistance to low temperature photoinhibition following ascorbate feeding is attributable to an enhanced xanthophyll cycle activity in rice (Oryza sativa L.) leaves

Xu, C.C.; Lin, R.C.; Li, L.B.; Kuang, T.Y.

Photosynthetica 38(2): 221-226


ISSN/ISBN: 0300-3604
DOI: 10.1023/a:1007269931946
Accession: 003473639

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The mechanistic basis for protection of exogenous ascorbate against photoinhibition at low temperature was examined in leaves of rice (O. sativa cv. Lemont). Exposure of intact leaves to chilling temperature resulted in a drastic decrease in the speed of development of non-photochemical fluorescence quenching (NPQ). This was related to the low temperature-imposed restriction on the formation of the fast relaxing component of NPQ (qf). Feeding with 20 mM ascorbate markedly increased the rate of qf development at chilling temperature due primarily to the enhanced rate of zeaxanthin (Z) formation. On the other hand, ascorbate feeding had no influence on photosystem 2 (PS2)-driven electron flow. The reduced state of the PS2 primary electron acceptor QA decreased in ascorbate-fed leaves exposed to high irradiance at chilling temperature owing to the increased Z-associated thermal energy dissipation in the light-harvesting antenna system of PS2. Furthermore, ascorbate feeding increased the photosynthetic apparatus of rice leaves to resist photoinhibition at low temperature. The protective effect of exogenous ascorbate was fully accounted for by the enhanced xanthophyll cycle activity.