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Insulin-like growth factor axis during embryonic development



Insulin-like growth factor axis during embryonic development



Reproduction 122(1): 31-39



The insulin-like growth factor (IGF) axis has been studied extensively in the developing vertebrate embryo. Knockout experiments have demonstrated that both IGF-I and -II are required for normal development in the mouse embryo, and mRNA and protein expression patterns for both growth factors, together with those for the type I IGF receptor and the six IGF-binding proteins, have been analysed in embryos from different species. Although the unique temporal and spatial expression patterns of these genes indicates important roles for the IGF axis during organ and whole animal development, the variation and complexity of expression makes these roles difficult to unravel. However, one possible mechanism unifying the IGF system in development is programmed cell death (apoptosis), which has been shown to be important in sculpting embryonic tissues, and, in particular, the developing limb bud. In addition, the very early onset of expression of various IGF family members in chicken embryos further emphasizes the fundamental importance of this system in development. This article reviews the work that has been carried out in this area in the context of current understanding of the IGF system. Reprinted by permission of the publisher.

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Accession: 003480070

Download citation: RISBibTeXText

PMID: 11425327

DOI: 10.1530/rep.0.1220031


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