+ Site Statistics
+ Search Articles
+ PDF Full Text Service
How our service works
Request PDF Full Text
+ Follow Us
Follow on Facebook
Follow on Twitter
Follow on LinkedIn
+ Subscribe to Site Feeds
Most Shared
PDF Full Text
+ Translate
+ Recently Requested

Intake of selected foods and nutrients and breast cancer risk: an age- and menopause-specific analysis

Intake of selected foods and nutrients and breast cancer risk: an age- and menopause-specific analysis

Nutrition and Cancer 28(3): 258-263

The relationship between selected foods and nutrients and breast cancer risk was investigated in strata of age and menopausal status using data from a case-control study on breast cancer conducted between June 1991 and April 1994 in six Italian areas. Cases were 2,569 women with histologically confirmed incident breast cancer admitted to the major teaching and general hospitals of the study areas; controls were 2,588 women with no history of cancer admitted to hospitals in the same catchment area as cases for acute, nonneoplastic, nongynecological conditions unrelated to hormonal or digestive tract diseases or to long-term modifications of diet. Dietary habits were investigated using a validated food frequency questionnaire, including 78 foods or food groups. Among food groups, bread was directly and significantly related to breast cancer risk in older women and, consequently, in postmenopause, whereas the protection conferred by fish consumption was stronger in postmenopause and that exerted by raw vegetables was stronger in premenopause. Among nutrients, unsaturated fatty acids were inversely related to breast cancer risk, the association being stronger in postmenopausal and elderly women. The pattern was similar for total fats. For starch, available carbohydrates, and total proteins, no heterogeneity emerged across strata of age and menopausal status. Among micronutrients, protection diminished with increasing age for beta-carotene and calcium, whereas no heterogeneity emerged for vitamin E. Thus this age-specific analysis of the largest investigation to date on diet and breast cancer did not show any consistent pattern of breast cancer risk in relation to selected dietary factors across strata of age and menopausal status.

Please choose payment method:

(PDF emailed within 0-6 h: $19.90)

Accession: 003480133

Download citation: RISBibTeXText

PMID: 9343834

DOI: 10.1080/01635589709514585

Related references

Risk of breast cancer associated with intake of specific foods and food groups. American Journal of Epidemiology 143(11 SUPPL ): S36, 1996

Intake of plant foods and associated nutrients in prostate cancer risk. Nutrition and Cancer 61(2): 216-224, 2009

Nutrition and primary prevention of breast cancer: foods, nutrients and breast cancer risk. European Journal of Obstetrics, Gynecology, and Reproductive Biology 123(2): 139-149, 2005

The association of carbohydrate intake, glycemic load, glycemic index, and selected rice foods with breast cancer risk: a case-control study in South Korea. Asia Pacific Journal of Clinical Nutrition 19(3): 383-392, 2010

Ecologic correlation study on nutrients/foods intake and mortality for female breast cancer in Korea. Seoul Journal of Medicine 34(1): 17-25, 1993

Comparison of Intake of Animal and Plant Foods and Related Nutrients in Postmenopausal Breast Cancer Survivors and Controls. Journal of Nutrition in Gerontology and Geriatrics 35(1): 15-31, 2016

Intakes of selected nutrients, foods, and phytochemicals and prostate cancer risk in western New York. Nutrition and Cancer 53(1): 33-41, 2005

Risk of human ovarian cancer is related to dietary intake of selected nutrients, phytochemicals and food groups. Journal of Nutrition 133(6): 1937-1942, 2003

Menarche, menopause, and breast cancer risk: individual participant meta-analysis, including 118 964 women with breast cancer from 117 epidemiological studies. Lancet. Oncology 13(11): 1141-1151, 2013

Menarche, menopause, and breast cancer risk individual participant meta-analysis, including 118?964 women with breast cancer from 117 epidemiological studies. The Lancet Oncology 13(11), 2012

Dietary flavonoid and lignan intake and breast cancer risk according to menopause and hormone receptor status in the European Prospective Investigation into Cancer and Nutrition (EPIC) Study. Breast Cancer Research and Treatment 139(1): 163-176, 2013

Intake of energy-dense foods, fast foods, sugary drinks, and breast cancer risk in African American and European American women. Nutrition and Cancer 66(7): 1187-1199, 2015

Intake of selected nutrients from foods, from fortification and from supplements in various European countries. Food and Nutrition Research 53, 2009

Premenopausal breast cancer risk and intake of vegetables, fruits, and related nutrients. Journal of the National Cancer Institute 88(6): 340-348, 1996

Intake of selected micronutrients and the risk of breast cancer. International Journal of Cancer 65(2): 140-144, 1996