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Interaction between Manduca sexta allatotropin and Manduca sexta allatostatin in the fall armyworm Spodoptera frugiperda



Interaction between Manduca sexta allatotropin and Manduca sexta allatostatin in the fall armyworm Spodoptera frugiperda



Insect Biochemistry and Molecular Biology 30(8/9): 719-727



A peptide that strongly stimulates juvenile hormone (JH) biosynthesis in vitro by the corpora allata (CA) was purified from methanolic brain extracts of adult Spodoptera frugiperda. Using HPLC separation followed by Edman degradation and mass spectrometry, the peptide was identified as Manduca sexta allatotropin (Mas-AT). Treating the CA from adult S. frugiperda with synthetic Mas-AT (at 10(-6) M) caused an up to sevenfold increase in JH biosynthesis. The stimulation of JH synthesis was dose-dependent and reversible. Synthetic M. sexta allatostatin (Mas-AS) (10(-6) M) did not affect the spontaneous rate of JH secretion from CA of adult S. frugiperda, nor did any of the allatostatins of the Phe-Gly-Leu-amide peptide family tested. However, when CA had been activated by Mas-AT (10(-6) M), addition of synthetic Mas-AS (10(-6) M) reduced JH synthesis by about 70%. This allatostatic effect of Mas-AS on allatotropin-activated glands was also reversible. When CA were incubated in the presence of both Mas-AT (10(-6) M) and various concentrations of Mas-AS (from 10(-8) to 10(-5) M), the stimulation of JH-biosynthesis observed was inhibited in a dose-dependent manner. The experiments demonstrate a novel mechanism of allatostatin action. In S. frugiperda JH synthesis was inhibited only in those glands which had previously been activated by an allatotropin.

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Accession: 003480877

Download citation: RISBibTeXText

PMID: 10876115

DOI: 10.1016/s0965-1748(00)00043-6


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