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Investigation of the essential oil from lemon catnip (Nepeta cataria L. var citriodora) in comparison to the oil from lemon balm (Melissa officinalis L.)



Investigation of the essential oil from lemon catnip (Nepeta cataria L. var citriodora) in comparison to the oil from lemon balm (Melissa officinalis L.)



Herba Polonica 46(4): 226-234



The essential oils of lemon catnip and lemon balm were obtained by hydrodistillation and were investigated by GC and GC-MS analysis. The plant material obtained from N. cataria var. citriodora contained 0.37-0.90 ml essential oil/100 g dry mass and that from M. officinalis only 0.08-0.22 ml/100 g. Monoterpene alcohols were the main compounds in lemon catnip oil and they were identified as geraniol (up to 34.43%), nerol (up to 29.17%) and citronellol (up to 19.99%).

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