Section 4
Chapter 3,504

Monoclonal antibody MS13 identifies a plasmatocyte membrane protein and inhibits encapsulation and spreading reactions of Manduca sexta hemocytes

Wiegand, C.; Levin, D.; Gillespie, J.; Willott, E.; Kanost, M.; Trenczek, T.

Archives of Insect Biochemistry and Physiology 45(3): 95-108


ISSN/ISBN: 0739-4462
PMID: 11169749
DOI: 10.1002/1520-6327(200011)45:3<95::aid-arch1>3.0.co;2-0
Accession: 003503658

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Lepidopterans generally can successfully defend themselves against a variety of parasites or parasitoids. One mechanism they use is to encapsulate the invader in many layers of hemocytes. For encapsulation to occur, the hemocytes must attach to the foreign material, spread, and adhere to each other. The molecules that mediate these processes are not known. One method to identify proteins potentially necessary for adhesion, spreading, and, thus, encapsulation is to use monoclonal antibodies that interfere with these functions. In this paper, we report that a monoclonal antibody against Manduca sexta plasmatocytes effectively inhibited encapsulation of synthetic beads in vitro and in vivo. Furthermore, it inhibited plasmatocyte spreading in vitro. Other anti-hemocyte antibodies did not have these effects. The plasmatocyte-specific monoclonal antibody, mAb MS13, recognized a protein of approximately 90,000 daltons as indicated by Western blot analysis of hemocyte lysate proteins. The epitope recognized by mAb MS13 was present on the exterior surface of plasmatocytes. Using indirect immunohistochemistry with hemocyte-specific antibodies, we also determined that during encapsulation plasmatocytes were the first cells bound to latex beads and later layers consisted of both plasmatocytes and granular cells. Arch.

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