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Near- versus mid-infrared diffuse reflectance spectroscopy for determination of minerals in dried poultry manure


Near- versus mid-infrared diffuse reflectance spectroscopy for determination of minerals in dried poultry manure



Poultry science 80(10): 1437-1443



ISSN/ISBN: 0032-5791

PMID: 11599702

DOI: 10.1093/ps/80.10.1437

The objective of this study was to determine if accurate calibrations for mineral content in dried poultry manures could be developed using near- or mid-infrared spectra. Samples (n = 124) were obtained from a commercial testing laboratory along with conventionally determined values for Ca, Cu, K, Mg, Mn, P, S, and Zn. Samples were blended in a food blender, dried at 60 C, ground to 20 mesh, and scanned in the near-infrared (rotating sample cup) on a scanning monochromator. Samples were also scanned in the mid-infrared on a Fourier transform spectrometer using a custom-made sample transport. Results showed that calibrations based on near-or mid-infrared spectra were not satisfactory for the accurate determination of Ca, Cu, K, Mg, Mn, P, S, or Zn in dried poultry manures. At best, most of the calibrations would be suitable for only gross estimates, although the mid-infrared calibration for P might be suitable for some needs in which only a limited degree of accuracy was needed. Either spectral range could be used to separate dried poultry manure samples into those containing less than 3% and greater than 8% Ca but not to accurately differentiate samples within those two groupings. Finally, although the mid-infrared calibrations were the more accurate for five of the eight minerals studied, the differences between the two sets of calibrations were so varied that it would be difficult to say that one region is better for mineral content measurement.

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Accession: 003507079

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