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Partial replacement of forage with nonforage fiber sources in lactating cow diets. II. Digestion and rumen function



Partial replacement of forage with nonforage fiber sources in lactating cow diets. II. Digestion and rumen function



Journal of Dairy Science 83(12): 2876-2887



Replacement of forage with cereal byproducts may be a viable alternative for feeding dairy cows. The objective of this experiment was to evaluate total tract digestion and rumen fermentation profile when diets were formulated to contain low-forage neutral detergent fiber (NDF) (12.6% forage NDF, 18.8% total NDF), adequate NDF from forages (20% forage NDF, 24.4% total NDF) or low-forage NDF with high levels of NDF from cereal byproducts (12.7% forage NDF, 35.1% total NDF). Sodium bicarbonate (0.8% of dry matter) was factorialized over these diets. Total tract apparent digestibilities of organic matter (OM) and carbohydrates were determined in 73 Holsteins. Eight rumen-cannulated cows were used concurrently to evaluate rumen fermentation profile and in situ degradation of forages. Bicarbonate did not increase NDF or OM digestibility, but increased intake of digestible OM. Rumen fermentation parameters were determined by dietary alfalfa NDF content. Adding alfalfa NDF to the low-forage, high-starch diet increased in situ degradation of forage NDF more than adding byproduct NDF. However, increased ruminal forage NDF degradability was not reflected in greater total tract NDF digestibility. Replacement of dietary starch with NDF from byproducts decreased OM digestibility, but energy intake was similar across diets due to increased intake.

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Accession: 003519237

Download citation: RISBibTeXText

PMID: 11132860

DOI: 10.3168/jds.S0022-0302(00)75188-5


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