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Phosphoinositide fatty acids regulate phosphatidylinositol 5-kinase, phospholipase C and protein kinase C activities

Phosphoinositide fatty acids regulate phosphatidylinositol 5-kinase, phospholipase C and protein kinase C activities

European Journal of Biochemistry 268(5): 1238-1249

PtdIns(4,5)P(2) generally results from phosphorylation of PtdIns(4)P by the phosphatidylinositol 5-kinase (PtdIns5-K). Its hydrolysis by phospholipase C (PLC) yields inositol 1,4,5-trisphosphate and diacylglycerol, which stimulates protein kinase C (PKC). We show that epithelial cells of the cockroach rectum contain three different inositol lipids: PtdIns(4,5)P(2), PtdIns(4)P, and PtdIns. They are composed of six major fatty acids: palmitic (16:0) stearic (18:0), oleic (18:1n--9), linoleic (18:2n--6), linolenic (18:3n--3), and arachidonic (20:4n-6) acids. The fatty acid preference of each of the above enzymes was evaluated by incorporating different fatty acids in pairs into membrane lipids. Incorporation of 16:0 plus 18:1n--9 provoked an increase in PtdIns(4,5)P2-PLC activity and a decrease in PtdIns5-K activity. In contrast, incorporation of 16:0 plus 18:3n--3 led to a potentiation of PtdIns5-K activity and a decrease in PtdIns(4,5)P(2)-PLC activity. Furthermore, PLC and PtdIns5-K acted preferentially on substrates containing 18:3n--3, and 18:3n--3-containing diacylglycerol specifically potentiated PKC activity. Thus, we propose that the fatty acids that make up the phosphoinositides function as intracellular modulators of the activity of certain enzymes.

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Accession: 003523320

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PMID: 11231275

DOI: 10.1046/j.1432-1327.2001.01984.x

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