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Physiological factors affecting response of mature 'Valencia' orange fruit to CMN-pyrazole. II. Endogenous concentrations of indole-3-acetic acid, abscisic acid, and ethylene



Physiological factors affecting response of mature 'Valencia' orange fruit to CMN-pyrazole. II. Endogenous concentrations of indole-3-acetic acid, abscisic acid, and ethylene



Journal of the American Society for Horticultural Science 126(4): 420-426



Endogenous concentrations of IAA and ABA in the peel, pulp, seed, and abscission zone of mature 'Valencia' oranges [Citrus sinensis (L.) Osbeck] were determined by high-performance liquid chromatography and enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay from early November 1998 to mid-June 1999. Ethylene production of mature 'Valencia' oranges during the same period was determined by gas chromatography. IAA concentrations in the pulp and seed were three to five times lower than those in the peel over the 7-month observation period. IAA concentration in the abscission zone and peel was high from late April to mid-May, the period of less responsiveness to abscission chemicals. ABA concentration in the pulp was low over the entire observation period. ABA concentration in the abscission zone and peel was low during the less responsive period. Ethylene production was always low except for a slight increase during late December and early February. The IAA to ABA ratio was high in the fruit abscission zone during the less responsive period. Fruit detachment force of CMN-pyrazole-treated fruit was positively correlated with the ratio of endogenous IAA to ABA or endogenous IAA, but negatively to endogenous ABA in the fruit abscission zone. These data suggest the balance between IAA and ABA in the fruit abscission zone may be an important factor in determining sensitivity and thereby the response of mature 'Valencia' orange fruit to abscission chemicals.

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