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Responses of rubber tree clone RRIM 600 to NPK fertilization on red yellow podzolic soil

, : Responses of rubber tree clone RRIM 600 to NPK fertilization on red yellow podzolic soil. Bragantia 57(2): 367-377

The response of rubber tree (Hevea brasiliensis (Willd. ex. Adr. de Juss.) Muell.Arg.), clone RRIM 600 to NPK fertilization during the immature stage was evaluated on a sand soil at Avai, State of Sao Paulo, Brazil. Randomized block, closing with fractionated factorial experiment 1/2(4 X 4 X 4) was used to test 0, 40, 80 and 120 kgcntdotha-1 of N, P2O5 and K2O, applied from the second to the eighth years after planting. Trunk girth at 1.20 m above the budgrafting union was measured every four months. The percentage of plants able for tapping and the immaturity period were calculated from girth measurements. Soil analysis were performed at 27 and 51 months after planting and leaf analysis every year. Responses to nitrogen fertilization started to be observed from 60 months, aproximately three years after the beginning of fertilizer applications. Linear effect of phosphorus and NP interaction started at ages of 72 and 75 months respectively. Responses to K fertilization was not detected for trunk girth. Considering the percentage of plants able for tapping, responses were linearly and statistically significant for N and K fertilization. The immaturity period of the crop was reduced eigth months when non fertilized plots were compared to those with the best relations of NPK. Delay of immaturity period up to twelve months was observed considering the best treatments and those with unbalanced relations of NPK. Fertilizer responses disappeared one year after stopping fertilizer applications.

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