Sexing of porcine embryo by in situ hybridization using chromosome Y- and 1-specific DNA probes

Kawarasaki, T.; Matsumoto, K.; Chikyu, M.; Itagaki, Y.; Horiuchi, A.

Theriogenology 53(7): 1501-1509


ISSN/ISBN: 0093-691X
PMID: 10898219
DOI: 10.1016/s0093-691x(00)00292-2
Accession: 003558983

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This study was carried out to determine if a rapid, simultaneous detection system using chromosome Y- and 1-bearing boar spermatozoa was applicable for sexing embryos. Porcine embryos were recovered from gilts and sows 4 to 6 d after mating, and whole embryos or biopsy cells were mounted on a glass slide with a small amount of fixative (methanol: acetic acid: distilled water = 9:1:4). The samples were then stained by means of a fluorescence in situ hybridization (FISH) procedure developed specifically for the detection of Y-bearing spermatozoa. Hybridization was performed using digoxigenin (dig)-labeled chromosome Y- specific DNA, and biotin-labeled chromosome 1-specific DNA sequences were detected as a signal of FITC and Texas Red on nucleus visualized DAPI-stain. Proportions of whole embryos labeled with chromosome 1-probe were 17 and 97% at the 3 to 16 and > or = 32 cell stage, respectively. Of the 93 biopsied embryos analyzed by FISH, 85 embryos (91%) could be accurately classified as male or female. Of the 65 biopsied embryos, 60 embryos (92%) had a clear blastocoele and a inner cell mass after 48 h of culture in vitro, and these embryos were evaluated as available embryos. One out of 4 recipient gilts which received sexed embryos at transfer farrowed 12 piglets of the expected sex. The results of this study demonstrated that porcine embryos at the > or = 32 cell stage can be sexed within 2 h using the FISH method. Moreover further development of the FISH technique could make it an effective tool for the study of early porcine embryos and for the control of porcine sex.