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Sperm-induced Ca(2+) oscillations in mouse oocytes and eggs can be mimicked by photolysis of caged inositol 1,4,5-trisphosphate: evidence to support a continuous low level production of inositol 1, 4,5-trisphosphate during mammalian fertilization


Sperm-induced Ca(2+) oscillations in mouse oocytes and eggs can be mimicked by photolysis of caged inositol 1,4,5-trisphosphate: evidence to support a continuous low level production of inositol 1, 4,5-trisphosphate during mammalian fertilization



Developmental Biology 225(1): 1-12



ISSN/ISBN: 0012-1606

PMID: 10964460

DOI: 10.1006/dbio.2000.9826

During mouse fertilization the spermatozoon induces a series of low-frequency long-lasting Ca(2+) oscillations. It is generally accepted that these oscillations are due to Ca(2+) release through the inositol 1,4,5-trisphosphate (InsP(3)) receptor. However, InsP(3) microinjection does not mimic sperm-induced Ca(2+) oscillations, leading to the suggestion that the spermatozoon causes Ca(2+) release by sensitizing the InsP(3) receptor to basal levels of InsP(3). This contradicts recent evidence that the spermatozoon triggers Ca(2+) oscillations by introducing a phospholipase C or else an activator of phospholipase C. Here we show for the first time that sperm-induced Ca(2+) oscillations may be mimicked by the photolysis of caged InsP(3) in both mouse metaphase II eggs and germinal vesicle stage oocytes. Eggs, and also oocytes that had displayed spontaneous Ca(2+) oscillations, gave long-lasting Ca(2+) oscillations when fertilized or when caged InsP(3) was photolyzed. In contrast, oocytes that had shown no spontaneous Ca(2+) oscillations did not generate many oscillations when fertilized or following photolysis of caged InsP(3). Fertilization in eggs was most closely mimicked when InsP(3) was uncaged at relatively low amounts for extended periods. Here we observed an initial Ca(2+) transient with superimposed spikes, followed by a series of single transients with a low frequency; all characteristics of the Ca(2+) changes at fertilization. We therefore show that InsP(3) can mimic the distinctive pattern of Ca(2+) release in mammalian eggs at fertilization. It is proposed that a sperm Ca(2+)-releasing factor operates by generating a continuous small amount of InsP(3) over an extended period of time, consistent with the evidence for the involvement of a phospholipase C.

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Related references

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