Toxic effect caused on microflora of soil by pesticide picloram application

Prado, A.G.; Airoldi, C.

Journal of Environmental Monitoring Jem 3(4): 394-397

2001


ISSN/ISBN: 1464-0325
PMID: 11523439
DOI: 10.1039/b103872a
Accession: 003600054

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Abstract
The toxic effect of the herbicide picloram on the microbial population of a typical Brazilian red Latosol soil was studied in a series of microcalorimetric experiments. The activity of the soil microorganisms was stimulated by the addition of 6.0 mg of glucose and 6.0 mg of ammonium sulfate, under 34.8% controlled moisture, to a 1.50 mg soil sample, at 298.15+or-0.02 K. The net thermal effect due to the addition of the picloram to the soil was determined by interpreting the power-time curves, which were recorded on the microcalorimeter. The total thermal effect evolved by the microorganisms was affected by the increasing doses of herbicide, and varied from 0 to 10.00 micro g g-1. An increase in picloram exposure caused a decrease of the original thermal effect, reaching a null value above 20.89 micro g of herbicide per gram of soil. The decreases of the thermal effect evolved by microorganisms and the increase of the lag phase period are associated with the death of the microbial population. The effects caused by picloram application in this typical Brazilian soil resulted in a strong effect on the soil microbial communities.