Analysis of autumn-winter diet of stags, hinds and calves of red deer, (Cervus elaphus) , based on rumen content

Janiszewski, P.; Szczepanski, W.

Folia Forestalia Polonica Seria A, Lesnictwo 43: 69-83


Accession: 003642808

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This study was conducted to analyse the rumen content and the autumn-winter diets of 177 red deer composed of males (stags), females (hinds) and calves found in the hunting ground of Wipsowo, Poland between September 1996 and February 1999. Results revealed that the diet of red deer was composed of 46 plant genera including 12 genera of trees (Betula, Fagus, Quercus, Carpinus, Pyrus, Malus, Sorbus, Aesculus, Acer, Pinus, Picea and Populus), 10 genera of shrubs and dwarf shrubs (Sambucus, Vaccinium, Padus, Juniperus, Frangula, Corylus, Rubus, Rosa, Salix and Calluna), 12 genera of herbaceous dicotyledon species (Plantago, Beta, Lathyrus, Trifolium, Lupinus, Brassica, Vicia and Solanum) and 8 genera of grasses and sedges (Festuca, Zea, Dactylis, Agrostis, Avena, Agropyron, Triticum, Secale, Deschampsia, Poa, Calamagrostis and Carex). Rushes, ferns, mosses and fungi were also found. The variation in food composition depended on the season, age and sex of animals.