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Comparative biology of the whitefly Trialeurodes vaporariorum (West.) (Hemiptera - Homoptera: Aleyrodidae) on soybean and bean cultivars


Comparative biology of the whitefly Trialeurodes vaporariorum (West.) (Hemiptera - Homoptera: Aleyrodidae) on soybean and bean cultivars



Neotropical Entomology 32(1): 133-138



ISSN/ISBN: 1519-566X

DOI: 10.1590/s1519-566x2003000100020

With the development of greenhouse grown crops, the whitefly Trialeurodes vaporariorum (West.) has become an important pest. Aiming at verifying the effect of host on the development of this species, the biology of the whitefly was studied on bean (Phaseolus vulgaris L.) cultivars IAC-Carioca Pyata, IAPAR-57, Jalo Precoce, IAC-Bico de Ouro, IAC-Maravilha and on soybean (Glycine max L.) cultivar Cristalina. The study was conducted at the Laboratorio de Entomologia Agricola [long dash] FCA-UNESP, at 25[plus or minus]3[degree]C temperature, 80[plus or minus]10% RH and 14h photophase. The biological parameters assessed were duration, viability and number of nymphal instars; male and female longevity, oviposition period, number of eggs per female and sex ratio; egg viability and incubation period and the life cycle duration. Based on data obtained, fertility life tables were constructed to allow a comparative analysis of the effect of cultivars on the biological development and consequent population growth of this species. The bean cultivars IAC-Maravilha and Jalo Precoce negatively influenced T. vaporariorum development, whereas, the other bean cultivars studied, as well as the soybean cultivar Cristalina, provided good conditions for development of this pest.

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Accession: 003684892

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