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Comparative studies of the efficacy of parvaquone and parvaquone-plus-frusemide in the treatment of Theileria parva infection (East Coast fever) in cattle

Comparative studies of the efficacy of parvaquone and parvaquone-plus-frusemide in the treatment of Theileria parva infection (East Coast fever) in cattle

Veterinary Parasitology 108(3): 195-205

ISSN/ISBN: 0304-4017

PMID: 12237138

DOI: 10.1016/s0304-4017(02)00195-4

Comparative studies of the efficacy of parvaquone (Parvexon) and parvaquone-plus-frusemide (Fruvexon) Bimeda Chemicals, Ireland, were done on 60 naturally infected cases of East Coast fever (ECF; Theileria parva infection in cattle). Small-scale dairy farmers in the peri-urban of Dar Es Salaam city reported ECF-suspected cases from March to mid-October 2001 and were treated with the two drugs alternately, as were diagnosed positive for ECF. Four sub-groups of 15 cattle each (early stage, 15; advanced stage, 15) were treated with parvaquone and parvaquone-plus-frusemide. Twenty-eight out of 30 (93.3%) cattle treated with parvaquone-plus-frusemide were cured, so do 24 out of 30 (80.0%) cattle treated with parvaquone without frusemide. Early diagnosis and prompt management of pulmonary signs, which accounted for 30.0% of total ECF cases is advised in order to improve cure rates. Unlike parvaquone without frusemide (Parvexon), parvaquone-plus-frusemide (Fruvexon) proved useful in the management of pulmonary signs, hence, a drug of choice in the treatment of ECF cases that are accompanied by or are likely to manifest pulmonary signs.

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Accession: 003685765

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