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Comparison of PGE2, prostacyclin and leptin release by human adipocytes versus explants of adipose tissue in primary culture


Comparison of PGE2, prostacyclin and leptin release by human adipocytes versus explants of adipose tissue in primary culture



Prostaglandins Leukotrienes and Essential Fatty Acids 67(6): 467-473



ISSN/ISBN: 0952-3278

PMID: 12468269

DOI: 10.1054/plef.2002.0430

The present studies were designed to investigate the sites of PGE(2), prostacyclin and leptin formation in human adipose tissue. Most of the PGE(2) and prostacyclin formation by adipose tissue explants from obese humans after 48 h in primary culture was due to blood vessels and other tissues not digested by collagenase. However, there was appreciable PGE(2) formation by adipocytes over a 48 h incubation and leptin formation was only seen in adipocytes. An increase in COX-2 immunoreactive protein was also seen after incubation of isolated human adipocytes for 48 h. The release of PGE(2) by adipocytes incubated for 48 h was about 4% that by intact adipose tissue explants while the release of prostacyclin was about 1.5% that by tissue. However, in a different experimental design where PGE(2) formation was measured over 2 h in the presence of 20 microM arachidonic acid the formation of PGE(2) by adipocytes after 48 h prior incubation in primary culture was 38% of that by tissue explants. Dexamethasone enhanced leptin release by adipocytes while inhibiting PGE(2) release and COX-2 up-regulation. The mechanisms involved in up-regulation of COX-2 activity during primary culture of adipocytes and the inhibition of this by dexamethasone do not appear to involve p38 MAPK or p42-44 MAPK. Interleukin I(beta) further enhanced PGE(2) formation by adipocytes but did not affect leptin formation. In conclusion, these data indicate that leptin release is exclusively a function of adipocytes while prostanoids are made by both adipocytes and the other cells present in human adipose tissue

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Accession: 003686743

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