EurekaMag
+ Translate
+ Most Popular
Identification of compounds with anti-West Nile Virus activity
Geological age of the Ptilophyllum flora; a critical reassessment
Nira (Co 86032) - a new variety of sugarcane for Maharashtra
Occurrence of Eutrichophilus mexicanus (Rudow, 1866) and Eutrichophilus lobatus (Ewing, 1936) (Phthiraptera: Trichodectidae) on Sphiggurus villosus (Cuvier, 1825) (Rodentia: Erethizontidae) in Rio de
An assessment of water quality of river ganga at garhmukteshwar ghaziabad uttar pradesh india
The identity of the lipstick mold of cultivated mushrooms agaricus bisporus
Comparison of rice bran and maize bran as feeds for growing and fattening pigs
The composition of pampas-grass (Cortaderia argentea.)
Studies on feeding of tapioca thippi (tapioca or cassava starch waste) to swine
Effects of drum rolling on yield of summer groundnut
Integrated farming system for gardenland conditions of Coimbatore district - an over view
Influence of a decision analysis model on selection of drug therapy
Comparative performance of West Coast Tall and Lakshadweep Ordinary cultivars of coconut
Evaluation of WCT coconut and Komadan coconut
Cellars as hibernation sites for bats
Donkioporia expansa - A lesser known wood destroyer in buildings
The Bangla adaptation of Mini-Mental State Examination (BAMSE): An instrument to assess cognitive function in illiterate and literate individuals
Enterobacter amnigenus. An unusual human pathogen
'Rajeshwari' - a high-yielding white seeded variety of sesame for Andhra Pradesh
Gymnosperms of Sikkim, India
The great Coalinga cricket invasion
Psoriasis: correlation between severity index (PASI) and quality of life index (DLQI) in patients assessed before and after systemic treatment
Real-time PCR assays for the specific detection of monkeypox virus West African and Congo Basin strain DNA
Classification of fermented foods: worldwide review of household fermentation techniques
The biology of human starvation: some new insights

Comparison of leaf litter ant communities in woodlands, lowland forests and montane forests of north-eastern Tanzania


Comparison of leaf litter ant communities in woodlands, lowland forests and montane forests of north-eastern Tanzania



Biodiversity and Conservation 11(9): 1637-1652



ISSN/ISBN: 0960-3115

DOI: 10.1023/a:1016883901065

Ants were extracted in Winkler bags from sifted leaf litter sampled in a range of forest and woodland types in and around Mkomazi Game Reserve in north-eastern Tanzania, including the Eastern Arc Mountains of South Pare and West Usambara. A total of 87 ant species were recorded, of which 32.2% were only recorded from montane forests (1400-1850 m altitude), 6.9% only from lowland forest (540-810 m), 19.5% only from woodland (300-1080 m), and 16.1% in all three forest types. Of the 28 species recorded only from montane forests, 12 species were only found in the Mkomazi forests, four only in the Pares and seven species only in the Usambaras. Sites of similar altitude grouped together in a cluster analysis, and species richness decreased with an increase in altitude. The lowland forest and closed woodland sites did not form distinct communities. To ensure preservation of ant species, forests from a full range of altitudes need to be conserved. This study confirms the status of the West Usambara forests as having a highly endemic biota, and the critical need to adequately conserve the remaining vestiges of montane forest within Mkomazi Game Reserve.

Please choose payment method:






(PDF emailed within 0-6 h: $19.90)

Accession: 003687630

Download citation: RISBibTeXText

Related references

Variation in avian communities between isolated units of the Eastern Arc Montane Forests, Tanzania. Gerfaut 85: 3-18, 1996

Leaf Litter Decomposition and Soil Carbon Dioxide Fluxes Across Climatic GRADIENT IN TROPICAL MONTANE AND LOWLAND FORESTS. Journal of Tropical Forest Science 27(4): 472-487, 2015

Alterations in litter decomposition patterns in tropical montane forests of Colombia: a comparison of oak forests and coniferous plantations. Canadian Journal of Forest Research 43(6): 528-533, 2013

Community-based monitoring of natural resource use and forest quality in montane forests and miombo woodlands of Tanzania. Biodiversity and Conservation ober; 14(11): 2653-2677, 2005

Indigenous forests fragmentation and the significance of ethnic forests for conservation in the North Pare, the Eastern Arc Mountains, Tanzania. Fennia 182(2): 109-132, 2004

Relationships between tree species richness, evenness and aboveground carbon storage in montane forests and miombo woodlands of Tanzania. Basic and Applied Ecology 16(3): 239-249, 2015

Forest composition, leaf litter, and songbird communities in oak- vs. maple-dominated forests in the eastern United States. Forest Ecology and Management 259(12): 2426-2432, 2010

Notes on secondary montane forests in eastern Tanzania. East Africa Natural History Society Bulletin 24(2): 25-27, 1994

Isolating the effects of precipitation, soil conditions, and litter quality on leaf litter decomposition in lowland tropical forests. Plant and Soil 394(1-2): 225-238, 2015

The decomposition of leaf litter in jamaican montane rain forests. Journal of Ecology 69(1): 263-276, 1981

Indigenous forests versus exotic eucalypt and pine plantations: A comparison of leaf-litter invertebrate communities. African Entomology 10(1): 93-99, 2002

A new blind snake (Serpentes: Typhlopidae) from montane forests of the eastern Arc Mountains in Tanzania. African Journal of Herpetology 49(2): 165-168, 2000

Comparison Between Ground Ant (Hymenoptera: Formicidae) Communities Foraging in the Straw Mulch of Sugarcane Crops and in the Leaf Litter of Neighboring Forests. Journal of Economic Entomology 110(1): 111-117, 2017

Evidence for altitudinal migration of forest birds between montane Eastern Arc and lowland forests in East Africa. Ostrich ch; 71(1-2): 184-190, 2000

Surface and leaf-litter arthropods in the coastal forests of Tanzania. African Journal of Ecology 37(3): 355-365, 1999