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Computer simulation of a downdraft wood gasifier for tea drying


Computer simulation of a downdraft wood gasifier for tea drying



Biomass and Bioenergy 25(4): 459-469



ISSN/ISBN: 0961-9534

DOI: 10.1016/s0961-9534(03)00037-0

A gasifier has been fabricated in Sri Lanka for the tea industry, but there is a lack of knowledge of the effect of certain key operating parameters and design features on its performance. Experimental testing of the design under various conditions has produced data that has then been used to calibrate a computer program, developed to investigate the impact of those parameters and features on conversion efficiency. The program consists of two sub-models of the pyrolysis and gasification zones, respectively. The pyrolysis sub-model has been used to determine the maximum temperature and the composition of the gas entering the gasification zone. The gasification zone sub-model has been calibrated using data gathered from the experiments. It was found that a wood chip size of 3-5 cm with a moisture content below 15% (d.b.) should be used in this gasifier. Feed material with a fixed carbon content of higher than 30% and heat losses of more than 15% should be avoided. For the above parameters, the gasification zone should be 33 cm long to achieve an acceptable conversion efficiency.

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Accession: 003690371

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