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Control of endemic dracunculiasis in Ebonyi state, south-eastern Nigeria


Control of endemic dracunculiasis in Ebonyi state, south-eastern Nigeria



International Journal of Hygiene and Environmental Health 206(6): 591-596



ISSN/ISBN: 1438-4639

PMID: 14626906

DOI: 10.1078/1438-4639-00246

A field study was carried out in Ozibo and the Ebonyi local government area of Ebonyi state, south-eastern Nigeria to determine the effectiveness of several intervention strategies in the control of endemic dracunculiasis in that area. During the initial study prior to the application of such measures, 14,421 subjects were examined. A total of 8,688 (60.2%) persons had either Dracunculus ulcers or emergent worms. Sex-related prevalence rates were 56.1% and 63.9% for males and females respectively. Age specific prevalence rates increased with age in males, whereas highest infection rates were found in females younger than 20 years. Twenty-eight months after the introduction of intervention strategies the prevalence rate fell by 85.1% to 9% (males: by 88.2% to 6.6%, females: by 83.0% to 10.8%). Reduction rates of more than 90% were observed in males aged 10 to 19 and in females aged 0 to 9 years. Intervention measures included systematic pond treatment, distribution or replacement of filters, intensive health education, provision of hand-dug wells, regular bore-hole installation/rehabilitation as well as active case detection, containment, management, and prompt reporting. Active involvement of the endemic communities, governments and the Global 2000 staff regarding the control efforts is a necessity towards the final eradication of the disease in the near future. The relationship between some of these intervention strategies and community development are highlighted.

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Accession: 003694006

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