Cropping period and yield of oyster mushroom (Pleurotus sajor-caju) on different agro-substrate

Dhoke, P.K.; Chavan, R.A.; Jadhav, V.T.

Madras Agricultural Journal 88(4/6): 327-329


Accession: 003697222

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The effect of different agro-wastes on cropping period and yield of P. sajor-caju was investigated in a field experiment carried out in Parbhani, Maharashtra, India, during 1998-99. Various plant materials, i.e. soyabean, paddy, cotton, wheat and jowar [Sorghum bicolor], were used. Cropping period on different substrates were recorded for first, second and third picking. The cropping period for third picking varied from 42.25 to 43.50 days in different substrates. The days required for first picking indicated that soyabean straw took 22.50 days to produce first crop of harvestable mushroom. Cotton and jowar straw took 22.00 days to produce first crop of harvestable mushroom, while a minimum of 21.25 days were required for paddy and wheat straw. For second picking, jowar and cotton straw took the maximum days of 32.75 days while soyabean took the minimum of 31.50 days. The final and third picking was completed in 43.50 days in case of soyabean straw, which was statistically higher compared to paddy and wheat straw (42.25) and cotton and jowar straw (42.75). The highest yield of 993.00 g/kg was obtained from cotton, followed by soyabean straw (935.25 g/kg) and paddy straw (816.0 g/kg). The lowest yield of 445.50 g/kg was recorded in jowar straw.