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Description of Enteromyxum scophthalmi gen. nov., sp. nov. (Myxozoa), an intestinal parasite of turbot (Scophthalmus maximus L.) using morphological and ribosomal RNA sequence data


Description of Enteromyxum scophthalmi gen. nov., sp. nov. (Myxozoa), an intestinal parasite of turbot (Scophthalmus maximus L.) using morphological and ribosomal RNA sequence data



Parasitology 124(Pt 4): 369-379



ISSN/ISBN: 0031-1820

PMID: 12003061

DOI: 10.1017/s0031182001001354

A new Myxozoa species causing enteritis and death in cultured turbot, Scophthalmus maximus, is described at light and electron microscope levels. In addition, small subunit ribosomal RNA gene sequences (SSU rDNA) from the new species and from similar myxozoans were obtained and used for phylogenetic inference, as complementary criteria to resolve its taxonomic classification. The new parasite is closely related to Myxidium leei, another enteric histozoic species from marine fish. However, the ascription of M. leei to the genus Myxidium was based on weak morphological evidence and is not supported by our rDNA data analysis. A close relationship with Zschokkella, the other morphologically related myxozoan genus is also not supported. The combined morphological and molecular study results in the establishment of the new genus Enteromyxum to accommodate the new species E. scophthalmi, and the former M. leei, which is transferred to the new genus as Enteromyxum leei (Diamant, Lom & Dyková 1994) n. comb. This genus of marine, histozoic and enteric myxozoans includes significant parasite species for marine finfish culture.

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Accession: 003703274

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Related references

Description of Enteromyxum scophthalmi gen nov, sp nov , an intestinal parasite of turbot using morphological and ribosomal RNA sequence data. Parasitology 124(4): 369-379, 2002

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