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Detection of enterohemorrhagic Escherichia coli O157:H7 by using a multiplex real-time PCR assay for genes encoding intimin and Shiga toxins

Detection of enterohemorrhagic Escherichia coli O157:H7 by using a multiplex real-time PCR assay for genes encoding intimin and Shiga toxins

Veterinary Microbiology 93(3): 247-260

ISSN/ISBN: 0378-1135

PMID: 12695048

DOI: 10.1016/s0378-1135(03)00039-7

A multiplex real-time PCR (R-PCR) assay was designed and evaluated on the ABI 7700 sequence detection system (TaqMan) to detect enterohemorrhagic Escherichia coli (EHEC) O157:H7 in pure cultures, feces, and tissues. Three sets of primers and fluorogenic probes were used for amplification and real-time detection of a 106-bp region of the eae gene encoding EHEC O157:H7-specific intimin, and 150-bp and 200-bp segments of genes stx1 and stx2 encoding Shiga toxins 1 and 2, respectively. Analysis of 67 bacterial strains demonstrated that the R-PCR assay successfully distinguished EHEC O157:H7 serotype from non-O157 serotypes and provided accurate profiling of genes encoding intimin and Shiga toxins. Bacterial strains lacking these genes were not detected with this assay. The detection range of the R-PCR assay for the three genes was linear over DNA concentrations corresponding from 10(3) to 10(8)CFU/ml of EHEC O157:H7. The R-PCR allowed construction of standard curves that facilitated quantification of EHEC O157:H7 in feces and intestinal tissues. Detection sensitivity of the R-PCR assay ranged from 10(4) to 10(8)CFU/g of feces or tissues without enrichment. Enrichment of feces in a non-selective broth for 4 and 16h resulted in the detection of levels (from 10(0) to 10(3)CFU/g of feces) considered sufficient for infection in humans. The R-PCR assay for eae(O157:H7), stx1, and stx2 proved to be a rapid test for detection of EHEC O157:H7 in complex biological matrices and could also potentially be used for quantification of EHEC O157:H7 in foods or fecal samples.

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Accession: 003704872

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