Development and evaluation of a nucleic acid sequence based amplification (NASBA) protocol for the detection of enterovirus RNA in cerebrospinal fluid samples
Heim, A.; Schumann, J.
Journal of Virological Methods 103(1): 101-107
ISSN/ISBN: 0166-0934 PMID: 11906737 DOI: 10.1016/s0166-0934(01)00454-2
A nucleic acid sequence based (NASBA) assay for the generic detection of enterovirus RNA in cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) samples was developed and compared with an established reverse transcription/nested polymerase chain reaction (PCR) protocol. The sensitivity of NASBA followed by detection of amplicons with a biotinylated oligonucleotide probe was < or = ten copies of enterovirus RNA, indicating that enterovirus NASBA achieves a similar sensitivity as nested PCR. Moreover, NASBA detected a panel of 22 different serotypes of the species poliovirus, human enterovirus A, human enterovirus B and human enterovirus C completely. For evaluating NASBA as a diagnostic tool, 61 CSF samples of patients suffering from aseptic meningitis were tested in parallel with NASBA and nested PCR. NASBA detected enterovirus RNA in four CSF samples, two of these were also positive by nested PCR and two other CSF samples were positive only by nested PCR (in total six positive samples). All other 55 of 61 CSF samples were concordantly enterovirus negative by both methods. In conclusion, the more simple to handle 'one step' NASBA is as sensitive as nested PCR and may be used as an alternative method for the detection of enterovirus RNA in CSF samples. Enterovirus NASBA is a 'one step' RNA amplification procedure that is less prone to cross-contamination compared to a three step nested PCR.