Diallel analysis of leaf shape variations of citrus varieties based on elliptic Fourier descriptors

Iwata, H.; Nesumi, H.; Ninomiya, S.; Takano, Y.; Ukai, Y.

Breeding Science 52(2): 89-94


ISSN/ISBN: 1344-7610
DOI: 10.1270/jsbbs.52.89
Accession: 003711226

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The inheritance of citrus leaf shape was investigated by analysing a diallel set of crosses of five citrus varieties/selections. Leaf contours were extracted by image processing, and described by elliptic Fourier descriptors. Mathematically independent shape characteristics were then identified by principal component analysis of the descriptors. The 1st, 2nd, 3rd and 4th components accounted for 51, 20, 10 and 6% of the total shape variation, and were good measures of the ratio of length to width, the position of the centroid, the curvature and the leaf wing size, respectively. Diallel analysis indicated that these components differed substantially in their mode of inheritance. The broad sense heritability was fairly high (>0.90) in the 2nd and 4th components and high (>0.70) in the 1st component, whereas the narrow sense heritability was high only in the 2nd component. There was no significant genetic effect in the 3rd component. The 1st, 2nd and 4th components showed over-, incomplete- and complete- dominance, respectively. The results indicate that elliptic Fourier descriptors can be successfully applied to the quantitative genetic analysis of citrus leaf shape.