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Differential effects of acetaminophen pretreatment on hepatic aflatoxin B(1)-DNA binding, cellular proliferation, and aflatoxin B1-induced hepatic foci in rats and hamsters


Differential effects of acetaminophen pretreatment on hepatic aflatoxin B(1)-DNA binding, cellular proliferation, and aflatoxin B1-induced hepatic foci in rats and hamsters



Cancer Letters 170(2): 117-124



ISSN/ISBN: 0304-3835

PMID: 11463488

DOI: 10.1016/s0304-3835(01)00594-8

Effects of acetaminophen (AAP) pretreatment on hepatic aflatoxin B1 (AFB(1))-DNA binding, cellular proliferation, and AFB(1)-induced glutathione S-transferase placental form (GST-P) positive hepatocytes and foci have been examined in young male rats and hamsters. Intraperitoneal (i.p.) dosing of 600mg AAP 3h before AFB(1) i.p. injection showed three-fold more AFB(1)-DNA binding in hamsters and 40% less binding in rats. Cell proliferation analyzed by bromodeoxyuridine incorporation was not significant (0.4-0.6%) 24-96h after AAP (600mg) treatment of rats; however, proliferation was stimulated and was maximum (11%) in hamsters at 72h after AAP treatment. Dosing of rats with AFB(1) alone at 0.5 or 2.5mg level gave an appreciable number of GST-P positive minifoci (two to nine cells) with a few foci larger than 100 microm; pretreatment with AAP (300 or 600mg) 48h before 0.5 or 2.5mg AFB(1) had no effect on the number and focal area of foci. In hamsters, 1 or 2mg AFB(1) alone yielded GST-P positive hepatocytes without any minifoci. Pretreatment with AAP (600mg) 48 or 72h before 1 or 2mg AFB(1) produced increases in both GST-P positive hepatocytes and minifoci. Thus, marked changes are observed after AAP pretreatment in hamsters compared to rats.

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Accession: 003713392

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