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Domoic acid-producing diatoms: probable cause of neuroexcitotoxicity in California sea lions


Domoic acid-producing diatoms: probable cause of neuroexcitotoxicity in California sea lions



Marine Environmental Research 50(1/5): 485-488



ISSN/ISBN: 0141-1136

DOI: 10.1016/s0141-1136(00)00227-0

The neurotoxin domoic acid (DA) was identified as the probable cause of death and neurological illness for approximately 70 California sea lions, Zalophus californianus, along the central California coast in May 1998. The apparent vector for sea lion intoxication was the filter-feeding northern anchovy, Engraulis mordax, via transfer of DA from the diatom, Pseudo-nitzschia australis, a natural source of this toxin.

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Accession: 003718416

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