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Effect of adrenal and ovarian androgens on type 4 follicles unresponsive to FSH in immature mice

Effect of adrenal and ovarian androgens on type 4 follicles unresponsive to FSH in immature mice

Endocrinology 142(11): 4930-4936

ISSN/ISBN: 0013-7227

PMID: 11606461

DOI: 10.1210/endo.142.11.8482

The present study investigates the physiological significance of dehydroepiandrosterone, dehydroepiandrosterone sulfate, T, androstenedione (Delta(4)), dihydrotestosterone (DHT), estrone (E1), and E2 on recombinant human FSH- (rhFSH) resistant type 4 follicles obtained from immature mice. Type 4 follicles of a diameter of 100-120 microm with one or two granulosa cell layers around the oocyte and an intact basal lamina with theca cells were isolated from the ovaries of 11-d-old BDF-1 mice and cultured with medium alone (control) or with dehydroepiandrosterone, dehydroepiandrosterone sulfate, T, Delta(4), DHT, E1, or E2 at concentrations ranging from 1 x 10(-11) to 1 x 10(-7) M for 4 d. We examined the mean diameters of type 4 follicles, levels of immunoreactive (IR)-inhibin, and E2 and progesterone in the culture media on day 4. In addition, we evaluated follicular cell proliferation by immunofluorescence staining with 5-bromo-2'-deoxyuridine. All tested androgens significantly increased the diameter of type 4 follicles in a dose-dependent manner without the production of IR-inhibin and E2. The nuclei of granulosa cells in type 4 follicles cultured with all tested androgens exhibited intense 5-bromo-2'-deoxyuridine-positive staining, compared with those of controls. In contrast, neither E1 nor E2 had any stimulatory effects. The stimulatory effects of T, Delta(4), or DHT were inhibited by an AR antagonist in a dose-related fashion but not by an aromatase inhibitor. Furthermore, all tested androgens had a synergistic effect with rhFSH on follicular growth and the production of IR-inhibin and E2. These results demonstrated that neither adrenal nor ovarian androgens are arteriogenic but that they stimulate type 4 follicles unresponsive to rhFSH and augment the responsiveness of these follicles to rhFSH.

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Accession: 003724454

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