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Effects of implant regimens (trenbolone acetate-estradiol administered alone or in combination with zeranol) and vitamin D3 on fresh beef color and quality


Effects of implant regimens (trenbolone acetate-estradiol administered alone or in combination with zeranol) and vitamin D3 on fresh beef color and quality



Journal of Animal Science 81(1): 135-142



ISSN/ISBN: 0021-8812

PMID: 12597383

DOI: 10.2527/2003.811135x

In the first oftwo experiments, 123 calf-fed steers were used over a 2-yr period to evaluate the effects of trenbolone acetate (TBA)-based implants administered alone or in combination with zeranol implants on fresh beef muscle quality, color, and physiological maturity of the carcass. Implant treatments decreased (P < 0.05) a* values (d 0 and d 3 of retail display) and b* values (d 0, d 1, and d 3 of retail display) after 14 d of aging. Carcasses from cattle initially implanted with Revalor-S and reimplanted with Revalor-S on d 60 of the finishing period showed increased lean and bone maturity scores and ash content of the 9th to 11th thoracic buttons and Warner-Bratzler shear force values (WBS) compared to those initially implanted with Ralgro and subsequently reimplanted with Revalor-S or control cattle. In addition, implants decreased (P < 0.05) marbling, percentage of the carcasses grading Choice, and kidney, pelvic, and heart fat (KPH). Implant treatments increased (P < 0.05) ADG, hot carcass weights, and longissimus muscle (LM) area. In the second experiment over a 2-yr period, 166 steers fed as yearlings were allotted to one of two implant treatments and one of two vitamin D3 preharvest supplementation treatments. Implanted steers had heavier (P < 0.05) final body weights and higher (P < 0.05) ADG, less (P < 0.05) KPH fat, and larger (P < 0.05) LM. Also, implanted steers had more (P < 0.05) advanced bone maturity scores, higher (P < 0.05) ash content of the 9th to 11th thoracic buttons, and higher (P < 0.05) WBS values on 5-d postmortem loin steaks. Vitamin D3 feeding decreased (P < 0.05) final live weight, ADG (P < 0.05), and LM (P < 0.05), but did not significantly improve WBS values. In Experiment 2, neither implant treatment nor vitamin D3 supplementation had significant effects on L*, a*, or b* values of muscles in steaks before or during simulated retail display.

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Accession: 003742448

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