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FMRFamide-like midgut endocrine cells during the metamorphosis in Melipona quadrifasciata anthidioides (Hymenoptera, Apidae)


Micron 33(5): 453-460
FMRFamide-like midgut endocrine cells during the metamorphosis in Melipona quadrifasciata anthidioides (Hymenoptera, Apidae)
The FMRFamide, gastrin and cholecystokinin (CCK) occurrence in endocrine cells of insects has been described by several authors, although their functions are still not well defined for this group of animals. In the present study, the occurrence of endocrine cells producing FMRFamide, gastrin 1 and CCK-8 in the midgut (ventriculus) of Melipona quadrifasciata anthidioides (Hymenoptera, Apidae), before, during and after the metamorphosis, were investigated by means of pre-embedding immunofluorescence techniques. FMRFamide reactivity was found in the endocrine cells as well as in the nervous fibers and neurons of the intestine of these bees. 'Open' and 'closed' types of FMRFamide-like cells were observed in last instar larvae. In the black eyed pupae the producing cells of FMRFamide seemed to be immature, and, in the workers, where the FMRFamide producing cells were more abundant, the production of this substance seemed to occur only in the open cells. Reactivity of the nervous fibers and neurons were observed, during the prepupae, white eyed pupae, and pink eyed pupae. The same did not occur with the midgut endocrine cells. There were no immunoreactivity observations for gastrin 1 and for CCK-8. The FMRFamide-like cells were present in the midgut of these insects during or close to the period that they were eating, which indicates that the FMRFamide may be involved in the control of the digestive process.

Accession: 003766630

PMID: 11976033

DOI: 10.1016/s0968-4328(01)00043-9

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