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Fruits of lovage (Levisticum officinale Koch.) as a medicinal and seasoning plant. I. A comparison of the methods of determination of the content and composition of essential oil in the fruits of lovage



Fruits of lovage (Levisticum officinale Koch.) as a medicinal and seasoning plant. I. A comparison of the methods of determination of the content and composition of essential oil in the fruits of lovage



Folia Horticulturae 15(1): 141-148



The water, protein, and carbohydrate contents of essential oils from L. officinale fruits collected from Lublin, Poland in 2000 and 2001 were studied. The essential oil was distilled by immediate steam distillation (method I), steam distillation with m-xylene (method II) or steam distillation with m-xylene with 20% solution of sulfuric acid (method III). The essential oils were analysed by GC-MS. The essential oil content was highest with method III (2.17%) and lowest with method I (2.10%).

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